Malaysia's Industrialization from 1950

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Agreements Of The Council Of Trent

Council of Trent, 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church, held in three parts from 1545 to 1563. Spurred on by the Reformation, the Council of Trent was very important for its far-reaching decrees on self-reformation and for its dogmatic definitions, which clarified virtually all doctrines contested by Protestants. Despite internal differences and two prolonged interruptions, the Council played an important role in the Counter-Reformation and played an important role in the revitalization of the Roman Catholic Church in many parts of Europe. However, the Council was postponed until 1545 and met shortly before Luther`s death. However, having been unable to resist the insistence of Charles V, the Pope, after proposing Mantua as a gathering place, convened on September 13, 17, 1549, the Pope`s decision to transfer him to Bologna in March 1547, under the pretext of avoiding the plague,[2] remained in force and the Council was promulgated for an indefinite period on September 17, 1549. None of the three popes who ruled during the Council ever participated in what had been a condition of Charles V. Papal envoys were appointed to represent the papacy. [15] The French monarchy boycotted the entire Council until the last minute, when in November 1562 a delegation led by Charles de Guise, Cardinal of Lorraine, arrived. The first outbreak of the French Wars of Religion took place earlier this year and the French Church, faced with a large and powerful Protestant minority in France, experienced iconoclastic violence regarding the use of sacred images.

Such concerns were not primary in the Italian and Spanish Churches. [Clarification needed] The last-minute inclusion of a decree on sacred images was a French initiative, and the text, which was never discussed on the grounds of the Council or referred to conciliar theologians, was based on a French project. [20] Morone, the most competent papal diplomat of the century, realized that behind the arguments of the supporters of jus divinum was the conviction that the papacy did not want real reform. He acted quickly to defuse this radical defiance, especially in the minds of the Emperor and King of Spain, guaranteeing that in a short time a vast scheme of reforms, blessed in advance by the Pope, will be proposed to the Council. With a multitude of formal and informal committees and a skilful game with the vanity of the hitherto unpredictable French delegation, Morone put the Council back to work. When the emperor expressed concern, Morone went to Innsbruck to reassure him; When the Pope hesitated to support his program, Morone threatened to resign. . .


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