Malaysia's Industrialization from 1950

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Term Copyright Transfer Agreement

In the field of scientific publishing, copyright transfer agreements generally do not involve the payment of remuneration or royalties. [4] These agreements are a key element of subscription-based academic publishing[5] and aim to facilitate copyright processing for purely printed publications. [6] In the age of electronic communications, the benefits of copyright transfer agreements have been questioned[7] and, although they remain the norm, open licenses, as used in open access publishing, have been established as an alternative. [8] It is not certain that such a transfer of copyright is generally permitted. [28] Developers or research institutes, public museums or art galleries may pursue excessive policies that stipulate that copyright in research, content, intellectual property, jobs or funds may not be transferred to third parties, either commercially or elsewhere. Normally, a single author signs on behalf of all authors, perhaps without their conscience or permission. [25] A full understanding of copyright transfer agreements requires a solid understanding of “legal language” and copyright in an increasingly complex licensing and copyright landscape[note 1][note 2] for which there is a steep learning curve for librarians and researchers. [29] [30] Thus, in many cases, authors may not even have the right to transfer full rights to publishers or agreements have been amended to make available complete texts on repositories or archives, regardless of the subsequent publishing contract. [31] Since copyright is a personal property right, state law applies to any transfer of copyright, including succession, licensing and assignment. The agreement below will be effective if the article submitted for publication by Walter de Gruyter GmbH/ Walter de Gruyter, Inc. (the “Publisher”) is accepted. The timing of the rights transfer process is in itself problematic for several reasons.

First, the transfer of copyright, usually related to publication, means that it is rarely freely transferred or acquired without pressure. [25] Second, it becomes very difficult for an author not to sign a copyright transfer agreement, as the publication is related to the advancement of his career (publication or inheriting/printing of publication) and the time that can be lost if the revision and publication process needs to be restarted. There are power dynamics that do not benefit authors and that often jeopardize certain academic freedoms. [26] This could partly explain why authors of scientific research, unlike all other sectors where original creators receive fees or royalties, generally receive no payment from publishers. This also explains why many authors seem to continue to sign their rights, while not agreeing with the justification for these rights. [27] Stock copyright transfer agreements are available, but you should consult an experienced intellectual property lawyer to ensure that you are fully protected. You may want to add a transfer clause to your default contract if you frequently create works that you want to use for commercial purposes. This boils down to a fundamental discrepancy between the purpose of copyright (i.e.

to grant an author/creator the full choice of distribution of works) and its application, since authors lose these rights during the transfer of copyright. These fundamental conceptual violations are underscored by the popular use of sites such as ResearchGate and Sci-Hub for illegal file sharing by academics and the general public. [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] In fact, a widespread and unrestricted transfer helps to advance science faster than Paywall`s articles, so the transfer of copyright does a fundamental disservice to the entire research enterprise. [37] It is also very counterintuitive that learned societies, such as the American Psychological Association, actively monitor and remove copyrighted content that they publish on behalf of authors,[Note 3] since this is not considered in the best interests of authors or the reuse of published research and is a sign that the copyright transfer system is counterproductive (because the original authors of everything. Control and rights over his own works). . .

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